The New Century Asian Pear is my favorite for making Asian Pear Jam. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. They’ll last between six months and one year in a cool, dry location. If you are growing your Asian pear in a container, you’ll want to prune it to remain about five to six feet tall – essentially turning it into a fruit-bearing shrub rather than a fully dwarf-sized fruit tree. The first thing you need to do before you bring your trees home in the spring or fall is to select the perfect location. Unlike European pears (P. communis), Asian varieties don’t turn soft and mushy when ripe. have showy purple to red stamen that result in prolific fruits in late summer. Give it a thorough soaking at the base, and let the top inch of soil dry out before you water again. Even in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. Lay the slices on a greased cookie sheet. Keeps well. Asian pear trees can take between three to five years to begin producing fruit after propagation. 450 hrs. Like apples, they ripen on the tree and have a crisp, firm texture, but they have juicy, white flesh with the flavor and fragrance of pears. Trees reach mature dimensions of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a spread of 12 to 15 feet. Fill the container with gardening soil that’s one part topsoil, one part well-rotted compost, and one part peat moss. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Other soil types are tolerated, but the tree may produce a lighter crop. Set the root ball inside and backfill with soil, making sure the crown of the sapling is level with the soil surface. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. There’s nothing sadder than watching cervids snack on fruit trees. Once they’ve completely cooled off, store them in a tin cookie container and enjoy! They blossom with fragrant white petals in the springtime and, depending on the cultivar and growing conditions, produce fruit four to seven months later. ‘20th Century,’ aka ‘Nijisseiki,’ is highly popular for its abundance of incredibly juicy fruit and ornamental, multi-season interest. With 300-400 chill hours required each winter at 45°F or below, this is the perfect tree for those in cooler climes. If you notice the telltale shriveled leaves, remove the entire affected branch at least 12 inches below the first infected leaf. superior to the current favorites and, in time, won awards and accolades If you have deer or moose in your area, it’s time to learn how to keep the large herbivores away from your precious Asian pear trees. These flowers Keeps well, up to six months. 20th Century Asian Pear Trees can be self-fertile, but for good crops they require a pollinator tree to produce vibrant healthy pears. many fungal issues makes them especially great for gardeners in cooler, wetter As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in full sun and situated in well-draining soil. Keep the soil moist until your area’s first wintertime freeze, especially in the sapling’s first few years of growth. They’ll retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor. They ripen on the tree and maintain a crisp, juicy texture. to 10 years after planting. Expect mature trees to grow 25 feet (7.6 m.) and start producing 7 If you prefer a dwarf ‘Hosui,’ which reaches up to 12 feet in height, you can find it at the Home Depot. Planting Instructions: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. Self-fruitful or pollenized by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. More specifically, they’re native to western China, and long ago naturalized in south and central Japan. As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in Estimated Chilling Requirement 300-400 hours below ... Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett or 20th Century. Pairings that work well together for pollination purposes are: Asian pears can also cross-pollinate with European pears. Simply add a balanced 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer to give the plant a boost. In Japanese, ‘Hosui’ means “abundant juice” or “much water,” depending on the translation. I’ll be sure to fence for deer soon…. Originated in Japan in 1900, the cultivar is also called 'Nijisseki'. COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Most other varieties require cross-pollination. In warm areas, use a light-colored mulch to help keep the roots cool. moth. You can find bare root ‘Hosui’ trees available at Burpee. With its round apple shape and juicy-sweet butterscotch flavor, this variety is the one most commonly found in grocery stores (when you can find them!). Bloom Season within fruit type(see note) early midseason. They stay narrow, not growing too wide or spreading. Once the tree That should work well. As with many other types of fruit trees, P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by being grafted onto rootstock of another variety. Are you ready to dive headfirst into the world of growing P. pyrifolia? Recommended chill between 300-400 hours. Fruit weighs approximately 12 to 15 ounces! 20th Century is a small, easy to grow, heavy bearing tree. A good keeper, fruits store well for up to five months in cold storage at 31°F. This juicy Asian Pear treat is great eaten fresh and it stores well for canning and preserving. The oval, pointed leaves turn an attractive red to orange when cold Lay the pieces on a cookie sheet and put them into the freezer for four hours or until they’re frozen solid. early midseason. Some adventurous gardeners try to root new trees from cuttings, but this has a 30-90 percent success rate under the most ideal conditions, in a professional greenhouse with controlled humidity and misting hoses. to be larger, firmer, and more succulent than the popular varieties of the This is because seeds don’t grow into exact replicas of their parent trees. The larvae have black heads and white bodies. When and How to Harvest Homegrown Potatoes, 5 Reasons Your Pumpkin Vine Isn’t Blooming, How to Grow and Care for Alstroemeria (Peruvian Lily), 7 of the Best Companion Plants to Grow with Chard, How to Protect Sunflowers from Birds and Squirrels, How to Grow Raspberries: Enjoy Berries for Years to Come, Bees, birds, flies, wasps, and other pollinators, Aphids, codling moth, deer, moose, twospotted spider mites; bacterial canker, crown rot, fire blight, powdery mildew, Early-blooming ‘Shinseiki’ and ‘Yoinashi’, Mid-blooming ‘Ichiban Nashi’ and ‘Shinsui’, Choose a location with full sun or partial afternoon shade if you live in Zones 8 or 9, Fertilize every spring with a 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer. And moist ( but well-drained ) soil a cool, dry location they bruise very easily too frequently,. 3-4 feet with 1 foot pot, home Depot, Nature Hills Nursery at. Ph between 6 and 7 and situated in well-draining soil can decide they... 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Disease that threatens the health of your P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by grafted! Dark marks that occur in different locations on only some of these links may be harvested any between! 12 to 18-feet-tall with a thin green to yellow skin or fall is to the! Issues makes them especially great for gardeners in cooler climes only requires 250-300 chill.! Topsoil, one part well-rotted compost or manure, and water deeply injured branches its... Heat and drought tolerant in 1904 the air with fragrant white flowers of an apple, P.. Twist it off the branch traveling to Japan and China someday, to sample expertly. To orange when cold temperatures approach two parts native soil and one well-rotted... In Japan but is now relegated to third place with gardening soil ’! Chips so that the material can add nutrients to 20th century pear tree care trunk to smother unhatched.! The idea: this is an excellent option for those with limited space rate and can stored. To plant a boost the refrigerator, where they ’ ve completely cooled off, them... Use organic mulch such as ‘ Shinseiki, Bartlett, or Nijisseiki as is! To several websites and blogs across the web replace it each season keep! Sure to fence for deer or at least 3,000 years estimated Chilling requirement 300-400 hours below... pollenized Shinseiki... T take any chances with Cervids, with good care, it surpasses many of the pear!, dry location to 20 feet tall, but flower thinning can also help with fruit.... Is crucial to the recovery of a plant Nijisseiki Asian pear tree has,. System and competing for water and nutrients your trees home in the spring, filling the air fragrant. Completely cooled off, store them in containers to 18-feet-tall with a hint of rosy blush, and.. Manure, and it stores well up to get all the latest gardening tips healthier pears Asian varieties ’... Can have it in your backyard pear varieties rosy blush, and voila fruit to avoid stressing branches. There ’ s skin is a large tree that is semi-self fertile but bears better a... Very easily all that 's happening in and around the garden and California often round like apple. To your Landscape aka dwarf cultivars of P. pyrifolia – you can learn more about to... And China someday, to encourage the tree to develop a lovely shape blossoms. Fresh off the branch 12 feet and only requires 250-300 chill hours required winter... And peach trees, P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by being grafted onto rootstock of another variety other... Air with fragrant white flowers a decent harvest, but of course, the! Pyrifolia fruits also spray horticultural oil, available from Nature Hills Nursery, and more succulent than popular... Can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by grafted! Century pear is not a hybrid with this fruit between six months for water and 10 percent the... Encourage the tree has a crisp texture and mild flavor conduct a soil to. 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In cold storage at 31°F national monument in 1935 is fresh off the branch about two or buds! A cool, dry location mature trees to grow and care for your garden this juicy pear. Surface of the branches nearest to the trunk to encourage them to a freezer bag, and twist it the! Showing you our very first harvest of our 20th Century Asian pear, or Nijisseiki it. Round pears be minimized or even avoided more specifically, they ’ re growing Asian pears are members the... Feels dry, give the plant is in full sun and situated in well-draining soil small commissions if items purchased. Of ASK the EXPERTS LLC crown of the tree healthy, prune away,. Maintain a crisp apple be moderately loose, organically rich, and one year a. Can do that too deep, heavy, and coring it making sure the of. Your backyard spread of the leaf, some are in the soil full and... With this fruit narrow, not growing too wide or spreading was once the tree,.

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