Reconstruction Amendments During Reconstruction, three amendments to the Constitution were made in an effort to establish equality for black Americans. Interactive Constitution Classroom Edition, 5 - Individuals, Groups, and Institutions. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. Between 1865 and 1870, three Amendments to the Constitution were ratified, which would become known as the Reconstruction Amendments. Sometimes, this criticism is combined with the argument that the neglect of the Reconstruction Amendments is intended to privilege white men over blacks and … 1. This Amendment gave people, only males at this time, the right to vote regardless of race, color, or previous status in the United States. The Reconstruction Amendments are often referred to as Civil War Amendments. These are Amendments that were created and ratified in the five years following the Civil War, meaning between 1865 and 1870. Much of the legislation that came after 1865 is credited to the work of the Radical Republicans, who favored abolition and did not look to compromise on ending slavery. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Numerically, they are the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, and had major ramifications for the country as well as newly freed slaves. The amendment passed in Congress on February 26, 1869, and was formally ratified on February 3, 1850. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability. The Fourteenth Amendment, yet another of the Reconstruction Amendments, was the one that helped to redefine what was considered citizenship in the United States. The 14th Amendment, which was ratified on July 28, 1868, defined a citizen as any person born in the United States, and effectively overturned the Dred Scott decision of 1857. Reconstruction, in U.S. history, the period (1865–77) that followed the American Civil War and during which attempts were made to redress the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy and to solve the problems arising from the readmission to the Union of the 11 states that had seceded at or before the outbreak of war. These three constitutional amendments abolished slavery and guaranteed equal protection of the laws and the right to vote. Ratified July 9, 1868. Our engaging, dynamic exhibits and programs are aligned with state and national standards so you can connect your field trip with your classroom curriculum.
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