The cathedral is the oldest bishop's church in Germany. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Selected as World Cultural Heritage Site by the United Nations, it has a dazzling compilation of archaeological sites and monuments dating back over 2,000 years. Northern Gaul was held by the Romans along a line from north of Cologne to the coast at Boulogne through what is today southern Belgium until 460. Trier has preserved more Roman monuments than any other German city. The city’s strategic position at a crossroads contributed to its rapid rise as a commercial and administrative centre; it was the capital of the Belgic division of Roman Gaul in the 2nd century ce, an imperial seat in the 3rd century, and later, as Treveris, the seat of the emperor responsible for Gaul and Britain. Trier serves as a hub for road, rail, and water traffic on the western border of Germany. However, it is not only the historic importance that makes Trier a favourite destination for travellers. It was constructed in the 4th century AD. 9865 pages with handy tips are available at your finger tips to enhance your time in this beautiful and amazing country, Germany. These days you can take a tour with a gladiator to explore the cellar and dungeons. dropped altogether 1,467 metric tons of bombs. The exact number of people executed has never been established; a total of 1,000 has been suggested but not confirmed. The German philosopher and one of the founders of Marxism, Karl Marx was born in the city in 1818. E-mail: info@trier-info.de. In Trier, the oldest city in Germany, visitors can explore 9 UNESCO World Heritage Sites which are summarised as Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady. Landesarchivverwaltung Rheinland-Pfalz, Koblenz 2000. The imposing westwork of Trier Cathedral consist of five symmetrical sections and is typical of Romanesque architecture under the Salian emperors (11th century). You can ascend a brilliantly preserved Roman city gate (the Porta Nigra), look at the former Roman Imperial Baths, and pay attention to a concert in the largest surviving single-room structure from Roman times. [10] The name distinguished it from the empire's many other cities honoring the first emperor Augustus. In June, the Old City Festival is a sight to be seen on the Hauptmarkt square, which would ordinarily be lined with stalls selling flowers, fruit and vegetables six days a week. The most familiar site is the mighty city gate Porta Nigra. The respective data protection regulations of the provider apply. In late November, the aroma of gingerbread and mulled wine wafts through the narrow alleyways, which are adorned with festive lights and lined with rustic wooden stalls. The bombers had hit the ancient cathedral, the oldest Romanesque church in Germany, and with one direct hit, the bell had shaken loose and fallen through the tower. There are regional trains (RB) from Koblenz, Saarbrücken, towns in the Mosel valley. Between December 16, 1944 and January 2, 1945, the U.S.A.F. Subscribe to my newsletter to receive additional insider tips. Listed in clockwise order, beginning with the northernmost; all municipalities belong to the Trier-Saarburg district, Schweich, Kenn and Longuich (all part of the Verbandsgemeinde Schweich an der Römischen Weinstraße), Mertesdorf, Kasel, Waldrach, Morscheid, Korlingen, Gutweiler, Sommerau and Gusterath (all in the Verbandsgemeinde Ruwer), Hockweiler, Franzenheim (both part of the Verbandsgemeinde Trier-Land), Konz (Verbandsgemeinde Konz), Igel, Trierweiler, Aach, Newel, Kordel, Zemmer (all in the Verbandsgemeinde Trier-Land). In the 17th and 18th centuries, Trier was sought after by France, who invaded during the Thirty Years' War, the War of the Grand Alliance, the War of the Spanish Succession, and the War of the Polish Succession. In both structures, all the irreplaceable stained glass windows blew up and precious manuscripts were lost to the world forever. The University of Trier, the administration of the Trier-Saarburg district and the seat of the ADD (Aufsichts- und Dienstleistungsdirektion), which until 1999 was the borough authority of Trier, and the Academy of European Law (ERA) are all based in Trier. The city continued to be inhabited but was not as prosperous as before. Trier, Germany, Catholic Church Records: Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1600-1798 (at Ancestry/requires payment) Diocese of Trier, Catholic Church Records, 1704-1957 from FamilySearch Births and Marriages in the Eifel Region of Germany Phone: +49 651 978080 Included in the tour price are the entry fees to the Amphitheatre and the Imperial baths. The Trier urban area is divided into 19 city districts. Medieval buildings, such as St. Peter's Cathedral – the oldest church in Germany – and the early-Gothic Church of Our Lady are also deeply impressive. Excellent wines from the Moselle, Saar and Ruwer wine-growing regions do of course play a key role here, while shops, cafés and bistros across the city entice visitors to stroll around or watch the world go by. Diversified industries include the manufacture of beer, food products, textiles, and precision instruments. Wooded and vineyard-covered slopes stretch up to the Hunsrück plateau in the south and the Eifel in the north. The money I receive helps me to maintain the website and provide the free information for you. As part of the Prussian Rhineland, Trier developed economically during the 19th century. It lies in a valley between low vine-covered hills of red sandstone in the west of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, near the border with Luxembourg and within the important Moselle wine region. Curious? Roman emperors and later bishops, electors and ordinary people have made Trier what it is today. The Tourist Information provides you with detailed information on tours and sights. The local councils are charged with hearing the important issues that affect the district, although the final decision on any issue rests with the city council. Trier is the birthplace of St. Ambrose (c. 339 ce), who converted and baptized St. Augustine, and of Karl Marx (1818), the German political philosopher and socialist. Archaeological Museum (Rheinisches Landesmuseum), Weimarer Allee, is the largest Museum in Trier. In the Middle Ages, the archbishop-elector of Trier was an important prince of the Church who controlled land from the French border to the Rhine. It was certainly one of the four largest witch trials in Germany alongside the Fulda witch trials, the Würzburg witch trial, and the Bamberg witch trials. The bishops of the city grew increasingly powerful and the Archbishopric of Trier was recognized as an electorate of the empire, one of the most powerful states of Germany. France succeeded in finally claiming Trier in 1794 during the French Revolutionary Wars, and the electoral archbishopric was dissolved.

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